A new study has found a link between drinking-water and dietary intake of nitrites and the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Nitrates and nitrates occur naturally in water and soil and are used as food preservatives to extend shelf life. The study was led by Bernard Srour and published in the journal. pros medicine.
Some public health officials have suggested restricting nitrites and nitrates as food additives, but their effects on human metabolic problems and type 2 diabetes have not been investigated. To study this relationship, the researchers used data from his 104,168 participants in his NutriNet-Santé prospective cohort.
The NutriNet-Santé study is an ongoing web-based cohort study that began in 2009. Participants 15 years and older voluntarily enroll and self-report updates on medical history, socio-demographics, diet, lifestyle, and key health. Researchers used detailed nitrite/nitrate exposures from several databases and sources and developed statistical models to analyze self-reported dietary information and health outcomes.
The researchers reported that participants in the NutriNet-Santé cohort had higher intakes of nitrite overall, especially from food additives, and a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes from non-additive sources. I discovered that There was no association between nitrate and his risk of type 2 diabetes, and the findings did not support a potential benefit of a nitrite or nitrate diet in terms of protection against type 2 diabetes.
This study has some limitations and additional studies are needed to validate the results. Data were self-reported and researchers were unable to confirm specific nitrite/nitrate exposure using biomarkers due to underlying biological challenges. Behavior may not be generalizable to the rest of the population. The cohort included more young individuals, more often women, who exhibited healthier behavior. There is a nature.
According to the authors, “These results provide new evidence in the context of the current debate on the need to reduce the use of nitrite additives in processed meats by the food industry, highlighting the need for better regulation of soil contamination.” Fertilizers.In the meantime, several public health officials around the world have already advised citizens to limit consumption of foods containing controversial additives such as sodium nitrite.
Srour and Touvier add: It also supports the previously suggested association between total dietary nitrite and his T2D risk. “
Reference: “Dietary Exposure to Nitrite and Nitrates Associated with Type 2 Diabetes Risk: Results from the NutriNet-Santé Population-Based Cohort Study” Bernard Srour, Eloi Chazelas, Nathalie Druesne-Pecollo, Younes Esseddik, Fabien Szabo de Edelenyi, Cédric Agaësse, Alexandre De Sa, Rebecca Lutchia, Charlotte Debras, Laury Sellem, Inge Huybrechts, Chantal Julia, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Benjamin Allès, Pilar Galan, Serge Hercberg, Fabrice Pierre, Mélanie Deschasaux-Tanguy, Mathilde Touvier, January 2023 17th, pros medicine.